Alzheimer’s is an increasingly widespread disease with a strong social impact, but with a correct lifestyle and a mix of cutting-edge therapies it is not only possible to slow it down, but also to prevent it.

According to an important study done in the United States: a diet based on vegetables, nuts, fish, combined with a correct lifestyle and specific supplements show a good chance of preventing or slowing down Alzheimer’s.

Alzheimer’s is one of the most dramatic and devastating diseases not only for the sick, but also for the people who care for them, starting with their families; in fact, it normally involves the entire family of the patient: Degenerative diseases mostly affect the elderly, but with a percentage of 2 percent even people under 60 years of age.

There are 6.5 million Alzheimer’s patients in Europe. In Italy alone they are between 850 and 920 thousand: between 1.4 and 1.5% of the population. The forecasts, as already announced in the 2012 Alzheimer’s World Report, are that by 2050 these figures will double.

The picture is outlined in the 2014 Dementia Report, published by Alzheimer Europe and presented by Alzheimer Italia, a federation that brings together 47 associations throughout the country. This is a study that involved the 27 countries of the European Union plus Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. The European average of patients is lower than the Italian one: 1.14% and 1.27%. With percentages similar to Italy there are only Spain in Sweden.

The invitation that the World Health Organization and Alzheimer’s Disease International are addressing today to the whole world is to consider Alzheimer’s a world public health priority, a global problem and not just a “disease of the world of diseases”.

A new case of dementia is born every 4 seconds around the world, an impressive growth rate of 7.7 million new cases every year.

Alzheimer’s was first described in 1906 by the neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer (1863-1915) during a psychiatric convention in Tubingen; he was a 51-year-old patient with an unknown form of dementia. But it was only in 1910 that the disease had a name, thanks to Emil Kraepelin, the most famous German-speaking psychiatrist of the time who republished his treatise “Psychiatry”, in which he defined a new form of dementia discovered by Alzheimer’s, calling it precisely Alzheimer’s.
Alzheimer’s is an irreversible disease characterized by a progressive degeneration of the intellectual faculties. People affected by this pathology manifest mainly motor aphasia, loss of understanding of the use of usual objects and gradual impairment of understanding. It affects without distinction of nationality or race, it affects both men and women.
A precise cause of the disease is not known; however, the latest studies favor a multifactorial origin, meaning that a concomitance of causes is recognized. In some families the disease has a clear dominant inheritance, but these are very rare cases. In a greater number of cases there is a certain genetic predisposition, evidenced by the presence of some other family member, even distant, affected by the disease, but even here nothing is scientifically attested. Most likely, however, the causes of the disease must be identified in an incorrect lifestyle such as: lack of rest and sleep, unbalanced diet, mitochondrial dysfunction, deficiency of antioxidants, etc.

The causes of Alzheimer’s disease could however be attributed to cerebral atrophy due to histological alterations: senile plaques and neurofibrillar degeneration. The reason why such alterations occur is not yet fully known, but recent studies tend to favor a degenerative genetic alteration.

The first symptoms of the disease can be confused with the normal signs of aging.
The loss of the so-called (recent) short memory, consisting in the difficulty in remembering even everyday words is always the first symptom. Later there is loss of orientation, the individual demonstrates changes in the ability to relate (speech and ability to move), inability to recognize relatives and friends, behavioral changes (anxiety, insomnia and character changes), failure to control vital functions (alteration of the sleep-wake cycle, appetite with continuous search for food and urinary and fecal incontinence), up to the progressive worsening and loss of mental abilities.

The most frequent and most characteristic signs of Alzheimer’s and which allow a diagnosis by exclusion, are:

progressive and pervasive memory loss;
inability to control emotional responses;
space-time confusion and disorientation;
frequent repetition of questions;
inability to find one’s things hidden in unusual places;
agitation, restlessness and nervousness;
afinalistic motility, which has been called wandering;
removal from home not recognizing it as one’s own;
loss of orientation even in the vicinity of one’s home;
failure to recognize family members: wife or husband, children, grandchildren;
tiredness, detachment, sadness or depression;
signs of excessive tension, irritability and aggression;
paranoid, interpretative and delusional ideation towards everyone;
mostly visual and auditory hallucinations;
desire to go to their parents (especially the mother);
loss of coordination in complex and unusual movements.

Unfortunately, Alzheimer’s can only be diagnosed after the patient’s death through an autopsy examination, which highlights a decrease in nerve cells in the brain areas responsible for thinking and reasoning and an excessive number of amyloid proteins.
When we say that a patient has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, we are actually referring to the advanced stage of the disease where the symptoms are explicit, that is, where there is a loss of basic mental abilities; from this diagnosis, life expectancy, although generally variable, is usually 2 or 7 years.
Theoretically, a biopsy could be done, but this practice would expose you to such risks of complications as to make it inadvisable. Diagnostic imaging techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance, PET, CT and SPECT serve more than anything else to exclude that the disease is due to other causes, such as stroke.
Here's what a healthy brain looks like:

Instead, here's what a brain looks like
affected by Alzheimer's:

The importance of diet for the prevention of Alzheimer’s

According to the study carried out in the United States, Alzheimer’s disease can be prevented by eating foods rich in Omega 3, such as: fish, caviar and nuts. Hazelnuts, almonds or walnuts and even chicken, and which have the ability to reduce the blood levels of the beta-amyloid protein which is associated with memory problems and Alzheimer’s disease.

Neurology: It is the journal that published the study. Researchers from Columbia University in New York monitored 1,219 people over the age of 65 with no cognitive problems. They were asked to fill out a very detailed questionnaire on eating habits. A year and a half later they had a blood draw which measured the level of the beta-amyloid protein. It is useful to remember that while it is very difficult to measure the deposits of beta-amyloid protein in the brain, it is very easy to measure it with a blood test. A link with the circulating protein was sought for ten nutritional components: saturated fatty acids, omega 3 and omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate, beta-carotene. The researchers found the correspondence between the assimilation of antioxidants, omega3 and levels of beta-amyloid protein in the blood. The study also recommended a diet: salad, fish, fruit, chicken. On the other hand, the other foods tested did not appear to have any influence on the rate of beta-amyloid protein circulating in the blood. The study also confirmed something that was already known: diet is useful for preventing mild cognitive losses, which often precede Alzheimer’s.

The importance of a correct lifestyle

Sleeping at least 5 hours a night is part of the correct lifestyle. Lack of sleep increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease onset or progress faster.

This is suggested by a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, whose researchers examined the association between sleep variables and the presence of a biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease.

The results of the analysis, published in the journal Neurology, show that short-term sleep as well as poor quality have been associated with an increased presence of beta-amyloid peptides, a known hallmark of the disease – or biomarker.

Dr. Adam Spira, lead author of the study found that, among older adults, reporting of shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality were associated with higher levels of beta-amyloid, as measured by PET scans of the brain. .

The study, which initially relied on participants’ self-reported data, found that hours of sleep ranged from an average of more than 8 to less than 5 per night, depending on the case. Patients with an average age of 76 years were subjected to brain scans using the Pittsburgh compound B tracer and PET (positron emission tomography), with which the concentrations of beta-amyloid were then observed.

As already mentioned, in patients who reported poor sleep quality, greater accumulations of beta-amyloid were associated: which suggests an association between the two factors and Alzheimer’s risk.

The importance of Bacopa and Turmeric for the prevention of Alzheimer’s

Recent studies have confirmed that Bacopa increases memory and cognition, and can help prevent Alzheimer’s.

Researchers from the Medical College of Khon of Thailand Kaen University conducted a study on 60 elderly volunteers with an average age of 63. They administered a mix of herbs called Brahmi – botanical name Bacopa monnieri for three months.

Before and after the treatment period, the researchers tested the subjects’ memory abilities, attention span, cognitive processing speed, and reaction time. Their brain cell functions were estimated. Subjects were observed during and four weeks after treatment. The typical double blind test was performed.

The experiment was divided into two groups, one was given a placebo treatment and the other was given 300 mg to 500 mg of a set of herbs extracted from Bacopa.

Significant improvements in cognitive functions, including increased memory, longer attention spans and better reaction times, were noted on the group treated with Brahmi.

A recent clinical report also found that 100 milligrams per day of Bacopa can significantly improve symptoms of schizophrenia. This data comes from India’s Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute.

Bacopa treatment becomes a breakthrough in neurological degenerative pathologies, the main conclusion of these studies is that the Ayurvedic herb, Bacopa, helps to increase knowledge, reduce anxiety, prevent dementia and become one of the first potentially useful treatments. in cases of Alzheimer’s.

To find out more, you can learn more about the topic on the website: http://stemcellres.com/content/5/4/100

Bacopa:

Turmeric:

A compound present in turmeric , stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells present in the adult brain. This was discovered by researchers from the Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine in Jülich, Germany, in a study published in Stem Cell Research and Therapy.

Turmeric also improves cognitive functions and prevents oxidative stress:

 The researchers, led by Adele Rueger, experimented with the effect of aromatic turmerone – which together with curcumin is one of the two bioactive molecules present in turmeric – both in vitro and in vivo. Experiments conducted on rat neural stem cells grown in the laboratory have shown that this molecule has no effect on cell death, but at appropriate concentrations it stimulates the proliferation of neuronal stem cells up to 80% and accelerates differentiation. In contrast, imaging studies in the brain of adult rats showed that turmerone administration is associated with a greater width of the subventricular zone and an expansion of the hippocampus. In both these areas there are phenomena of neurogenesis, ie the production of new nerve cells.

The importance of glutathione for the prevention of Alzheimer’s

L-glutathione is the most powerful of the antioxidants produced by the body. Searching on pubmed it turns out that there are over 25,000 published medical studies related to (l-glutathione or gamma-glutamylcysteinylglycine).
It fights aging through 2 main routes: the intestine and the circulatory system.

It protects the cells, tissues and organs of the body, thus keeping it young.

Glutathione is a combination of the three amino acids: glutamic acid, glycine, and cysteine.

It is a powerful antioxidant, because it reduces free radicals and therefore has an important anti-aging action.

Glutathione is found in small quantities in broccoli, but also in avocado, asparagus, garlic, carrot, strawberry, peach.

The importance of thiamine in the prevention of Alzheimer’s

Thiamine or thiamine is vitamin B1. A lack of thiamine causes a disorder in the metabolism, and as a result the nerves become hopelessly abnormal.
Thiamine plays a fundamental role in the activity of many enzymes. It is also essential to the metabolism to keep the nervous system, muscles and heart function efficient. Chronic thiamine deficiency causes alterations of the central and peripheral nervous system and of the cardiovascular system, with subacute and potentially fatal evolution. Many publications have been made on the importance of thiamine in the prevention of neuro degenerative diseases.

Thiamin is found in multivitamins, or in small amounts in oat bran.

The importance of zinc in the prevention of Alzheimer’s

A University of Wisconsin-Madison study, published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, suggests that a zinc deficiency may reduce protein stability and determine the formation of protein aggregates in the brain, favoring the onset of diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Dr Colin MacDiarmid, together with Dr David Eide, studied the system on a single-celled yeast, as this makes it easier to assess the effects and role of zinc ions, as this easily adapts to both deficiency and an excess of zinc.
In this study, it was found that the Tsa1 gene is able to create “companion” proteins that prevent the aggregation of proteins in cells with a zinc deficiency. By keeping the proteins in a solution, Tsa1 has also been found to prevent damage that otherwise leads to cell death.
Tsa1 is needed to keep proteins intact so they can function – explains Dr. Eide – If you don’t have zinc, proteins stick together, and become toxic, because proteins can’t do what they’re supposed to do. Either way, it ends up killing the cell.

Although further in-depth studies will be needed, a zinc deficiency appears to cause cellular damage that may actually cause disease.

Foods containing zinc are many including: oysters, red meat, especially liver or diaphragm meat, peanuts, beans, wholemeal bread, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds.

Differentiation factors and growth factors in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases

Recent studies done by dr. Pier Mario Biava highlighted the importance of differentiation factors and growth factors in the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. In a recent publication made on Cell R4, Dr. Biava explains how degenerated cells can be physiologically reprogrammed through embryonic differentiation factors. To learn more you can learn more about CellR4, here is the website where you can find the complete article:

http://www.cellr4.org/article/1226

Food supplement based on Vitamins, Turmeric extracts, Bacopa and Caviar powder. Components that contribute to the proper functioning and maintenance of:

  • cognitive function: Bacopa, Zinc
  • nervous system: Vitamin B1, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C
  • immune system: Vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Zinc
  • cell division process: Vitamin D, Zinc
  • protection of cells from oxidative stress: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Zinc, Turmeric
Chosen For You:

Brochure Cell Integrity Brain
Bacopa 100*
Turmeric 100*
L-Glutathione 100*
Caviar powder 100*
Zinc 72%
Vitamin A 50%
Vitamin B6 50%
Vitamin C 50%
Vitamin D 50%
Vitamin E 50%
Thiamine 50%